ESV Chronological

Over 365 days, read the events of the Bible as they occurred chronologically. For example, the Book of Job is integrated with Genesis because Job lived before Abraham.

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    • : 1 Chronicles 6

    : 1 Chronicles 6 1 Chronicles 6

    1 Chronicles 6 (Listen)

    Descendants of Levi

    The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. The children of Amram: Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. The sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Eleazar fathered Phinehas, Phinehas fathered Abishua, Abishua fathered Bukki, Bukki fathered Uzzi, Uzzi fathered Zerahiah, Zerahiah fathered Meraioth, Meraioth fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub, Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Ahimaaz, Ahimaaz fathered Azariah, Azariah fathered Johanan, and Johanan fathered Azariah (it was he who served as priest in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem). Azariah fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub, Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Shallum, Shallum fathered Hilkiah, Hilkiah fathered Azariah, Azariah fathered Seraiah, Seraiah fathered Jehozadak; and Jehozadak went into exile when the LORD sent Judah and Jerusalem into exile by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

    The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. And these are the names of the sons of Gershom: Libni and Shimei. The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the clans of the Levites according to their fathers. Of Gershom: Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son, Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son. The sons of Kohath: Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son, Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son, Assir his son, Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son. The sons of Elkanah: Amasai and Ahimoth, Elkanah his son, Zophai his son, Nahath his son, Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son. The sons of Samuel: Joel1 his firstborn, the second Abijah.2 The sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son, Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, and Asaiah his son.

    These are the men whom David put in charge of the service of song in the house of the LORD after the ark rested there. They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting until Solomon built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem, and they performed their service according to their order. These are the men who served and their sons. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman the singer the son of Joel, son of Samuel, son of Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of Eliel, son of Toah, son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai, son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah, son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, son of Israel; and his brother Asaph, who stood on his right hand, namely, Asaph the son of Berechiah, son of Shimea, son of Michael, son of Baaseiah, son of Malchijah, son of Ethni, son of Zerah, son of Adaiah, son of Ethan, son of Zimmah, son of Shimei, son of Jahath, son of Gershom, son of Levi. On the left hand were their brothers, the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, son of Abdi, son of Malluch, son of Hashabiah, son of Amaziah, son of Hilkiah, son of Amzi, son of Bani, son of Shemer, son of Mahli, son of Mushi, son of Merari, son of Levi. And their brothers the Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God.

    But Aaron and his sons made offerings on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense for all the work of the Most Holy Place, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded. These are the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son, Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son, Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son, Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.

    These are their dwelling places according to their settlements within their borders: to the sons of Aaron of the clans of Kohathites, for theirs was the first lot, to them they gave Hebron in the land of Judah and its surrounding pasturelands, but the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh. To the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of refuge: Hebron, Libnah with its pasturelands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasturelands, Hilen with its pasturelands, Debir with its pasturelands, Ashan with its pasturelands, and Beth-shemesh with its pasturelands; and from the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon,3 Geba with its pasturelands, Alemeth with its pasturelands, and Anathoth with its pasturelands. All their cities throughout their clans were thirteen.

    To the rest of the Kohathites were given by lot out of the clan of the tribe, out of the half-tribe, the half of Manasseh, ten cities. To the Gershomites according to their clans were allotted thirteen cities out of the tribes of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali and Manasseh in Bashan. To the Merarites according to their clans were allotted twelve cities out of the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun. So the people of Israel gave the Levites the cities with their pasturelands. They gave by lot out of the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin these cities that are mentioned by name.

    And some of the clans of the sons of Kohath had cities of their territory out of the tribe of Ephraim. They were given the cities of refuge: Shechem with its pasturelands in the hill country of Ephraim, Gezer with its pasturelands, Jokmeam with its pasturelands, Beth-horon with its pasturelands, Aijalon with its pasturelands, Gath-rimmon with its pasturelands, and out of the half-tribe of Manasseh, Aner with its pasturelands, and Bileam with its pasturelands, for the rest of the clans of the Kohathites.

    To the Gershomites were given out of the clan of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan with its pasturelands and Ashtaroth with its pasturelands; and out of the tribe of Issachar: Kedesh with its pasturelands, Daberath with its pasturelands, Ramoth with its pasturelands, and Anem with its pasturelands; out of the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasturelands, Abdon with its pasturelands, Hukok with its pasturelands, and Rehob with its pasturelands; and out of the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee with its pasturelands, Hammon with its pasturelands, and Kiriathaim with its pasturelands. To the rest of the Merarites were allotted out of the tribe of Zebulun: Rimmono with its pasturelands, Tabor with its pasturelands, and beyond the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, out of the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the wilderness with its pasturelands, Jahzah with its pasturelands, Kedemoth with its pasturelands, and Mephaath with its pasturelands; and out of the tribe of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead with its pasturelands, Mahanaim with its pasturelands, Heshbon with its pasturelands, and Jazer with its pasturelands.


    [1] 6:28 Septuagint, Syriac (compare verse 33 and 1 Samuel 8:2); Hebrew lacks Joel
    [2] 6:28 Hebrew and Abijah
    [3] 6:60 Septuagint, Syriac (compare Joshua 21:17); Hebrew lacks Gibeon


    • : Psalm 73
    • : Psalms 77–78

    : Psalm 73 Psalm 73

    Psalm 73 (Listen)

    Book Three

    God Is My Strength and Portion Forever

    A Psalm of Asaph.

    73   Truly God is good to Israel,
        to those who are pure in heart.
      But as for me, my feet had almost stumbled,
        my steps had nearly slipped.
      For I was envious of the arrogant
        when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
      For they have no pangs until death;
        their bodies are fat and sleek.
      They are not in trouble as others are;
        they are not stricken like the rest of mankind.
      Therefore pride is their necklace;
        violence covers them as a garment.
      Their eyes swell out through fatness;
        their hearts overflow with follies.
      They scoff and speak with malice;
        loftily they threaten oppression.
      They set their mouths against the heavens,
        and their tongue struts through the earth.
      Therefore his people turn back to them,
        and find no fault in them.1
      And they say, “How can God know?
        Is there knowledge in the Most High?”
      Behold, these are the wicked;
        always at ease, they increase in riches.
      All in vain have I kept my heart clean
        and washed my hands in innocence.
      For all the day long I have been stricken
        and rebuked every morning.
      If I had said, “I will speak thus,”
        I would have betrayed the generation of your children.
      But when I thought how to understand this,
        it seemed to me a wearisome task,
      until I went into the sanctuary of God;
        then I discerned their end.
      Truly you set them in slippery places;
        you make them fall to ruin.
      How they are destroyed in a moment,
        swept away utterly by terrors!
      Like a dream when one awakes,
        O Lord, when you rouse yourself, you despise them as phantoms.
      When my soul was embittered,
        when I was pricked in heart,
      I was brutish and ignorant;
        I was like a beast toward you.
      Nevertheless, I am continually with you;
        you hold my right hand.
      You guide me with your counsel,
        and afterward you will receive me to glory.
      Whom have I in heaven but you?
        And there is nothing on earth that I desire besides you.
      My flesh and my heart may fail,
        but God is the strength2 of my heart and my portion forever.
      For behold, those who are far from you shall perish;
        you put an end to everyone who is unfaithful to you.
      But for me it is good to be near God;
        I have made the Lord GOD my refuge,
        that I may tell of all your works.


    [1] 73:10 Probable reading; Hebrew the waters of a full cup are drained by them
    [2] 73:26 Hebrew rock


    : Psalms 77–78 Psalms 77–78

    Psalms 77–78 (Listen)

    In the Day of Trouble I Seek the Lord

    To the choirmaster: according to Jeduthun. A Psalm of Asaph.

    77   I cry aloud to God,
        aloud to God, and he will hear me.
      In the day of my trouble I seek the Lord;
        in the night my hand is stretched out without wearying;
        my soul refuses to be comforted.
      When I remember God, I moan;
        when I meditate, my spirit faints. Selah
      You hold my eyelids open;
        I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
      I consider the days of old,
        the years long ago.
      I said,1 “Let me remember my song in the night;
        let me meditate in my heart.”
        Then my spirit made a diligent search:
      “Will the Lord spurn forever,
        and never again be favorable?
      Has his steadfast love forever ceased?
        Are his promises at an end for all time?
      Has God forgotten to be gracious?
        Has he in anger shut up his compassion?” Selah
      Then I said, “I will appeal to this,
        to the years of the right hand of the Most High.”2
      I will remember the deeds of the LORD;
        yes, I will remember your wonders of old.
      I will ponder all your work,
        and meditate on your mighty deeds.
      Your way, O God, is holy.
        What god is great like our God?
      You are the God who works wonders;
        you have made known your might among the peoples.
      You with your arm redeemed your people,
        the children of Jacob and Joseph. Selah
      When the waters saw you, O God,
        when the waters saw you, they were afraid;
        indeed, the deep trembled.
      The clouds poured out water;
        the skies gave forth thunder;
        your arrows flashed on every side.
      The crash of your thunder was in the whirlwind;
        your lightnings lighted up the world;
        the earth trembled and shook.
      Your way was through the sea,
        your path through the great waters;
        yet your footprints were unseen.3
      You led your people like a flock
        by the hand of Moses and Aaron.

    Tell the Coming Generation

    A Maskil4 of Asaph.

    78   Give ear, O my people, to my teaching;
        incline your ears to the words of my mouth!
      I will open my mouth in a parable;
        I will utter dark sayings from of old,
      things that we have heard and known,
        that our fathers have told us.
      We will not hide them from their children,
        but tell to the coming generation
      the glorious deeds of the LORD, and his might,
        and the wonders that he has done.
      He established a testimony in Jacob
        and appointed a law in Israel,
      which he commanded our fathers
        to teach to their children,
      that the next generation might know them,
        the children yet unborn,
      and arise and tell them to their children,
        so that they should set their hope in God
      and not forget the works of God,
        but keep his commandments;
      and that they should not be like their fathers,
        a stubborn and rebellious generation,
      a generation whose heart was not steadfast,
        whose spirit was not faithful to God.
      The Ephraimites, armed with5 the bow,
        turned back on the day of battle.
      They did not keep God's covenant,
        but refused to walk according to his law.
      They forgot his works
        and the wonders that he had shown them.
      In the sight of their fathers he performed wonders
        in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.
      He divided the sea and let them pass through it,
        and made the waters stand like a heap.
      In the daytime he led them with a cloud,
        and all the night with a fiery light.
      He split rocks in the wilderness
        and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep.
      He made streams come out of the rock
        and caused waters to flow down like rivers.
      Yet they sinned still more against him,
        rebelling against the Most High in the desert.
      They tested God in their heart
        by demanding the food they craved.
      They spoke against God, saying,
        “Can God spread a table in the wilderness?
      He struck the rock so that water gushed out
        and streams overflowed.
      Can he also give bread
        or provide meat for his people?”
      Therefore, when the LORD heard, he was full of wrath;
        a fire was kindled against Jacob;
        his anger rose against Israel,
      because they did not believe in God
        and did not trust his saving power.
      Yet he commanded the skies above
        and opened the doors of heaven,
      and he rained down on them manna to eat
        and gave them the grain of heaven.
      Man ate of the bread of the angels;
        he sent them food in abundance.
      He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens,
        and by his power he led out the south wind;
      he rained meat on them like dust,
        winged birds like the sand of the seas;
      he let them fall in the midst of their camp,
        all around their dwellings.
      And they ate and were well filled,
        for he gave them what they craved.
      But before they had satisfied their craving,
        while the food was still in their mouths,
      the anger of God rose against them,
        and he killed the strongest of them
        and laid low the young men of Israel.
      In spite of all this, they still sinned;
        despite his wonders, they did not believe.
      So he made their days vanish like6 a breath,7
        and their years in terror.
      When he killed them, they sought him;
        they repented and sought God earnestly.
      They remembered that God was their rock,
        the Most High God their redeemer.
      But they flattered him with their mouths;
        they lied to him with their tongues.
      Their heart was not steadfast toward him;
        they were not faithful to his covenant.
      Yet he, being compassionate,
        atoned for their iniquity
        and did not destroy them;
      he restrained his anger often
        and did not stir up all his wrath.
      He remembered that they were but flesh,
        a wind that passes and comes not again.
      How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness
        and grieved him in the desert!
      They tested God again and again
        and provoked the Holy One of Israel.
      They did not remember his power8
        or the day when he redeemed them from the foe,
      when he performed his signs in Egypt
        and his marvels in the fields of Zoan.
      He turned their rivers to blood,
        so that they could not drink of their streams.
      He sent among them swarms of flies, which devoured them,
        and frogs, which destroyed them.
      He gave their crops to the destroying locust
        and the fruit of their labor to the locust.
      He destroyed their vines with hail
        and their sycamores with frost.
      He gave over their cattle to the hail
        and their flocks to thunderbolts.
      He let loose on them his burning anger,
        wrath, indignation, and distress,
        a company of destroying angels.
      He made a path for his anger;
        he did not spare them from death,
        but gave their lives over to the plague.
      He struck down every firstborn in Egypt,
        the firstfruits of their strength in the tents of Ham.
      Then he led out his people like sheep
        and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
      He led them in safety, so that they were not afraid,
        but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
      And he brought them to his holy land,
        to the mountain which his right hand had won.
      He drove out nations before them;
        he apportioned them for a possession
        and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.
      Yet they tested and rebelled against the Most High God
        and did not keep his testimonies,
      but turned away and acted treacherously like their fathers;
        they twisted like a deceitful bow.
      For they provoked him to anger with their high places;
        they moved him to jealousy with their idols.
      When God heard, he was full of wrath,
        and he utterly rejected Israel.
      He forsook his dwelling at Shiloh,
        the tent where he dwelt among mankind,
      and delivered his power to captivity,
        his glory to the hand of the foe.
      He gave his people over to the sword
        and vented his wrath on his heritage.
      Fire devoured their young men,
        and their young women had no marriage song.
      Their priests fell by the sword,
        and their widows made no lamentation.
      Then the Lord awoke as from sleep,
        like a strong man shouting because of wine.
      And he put his adversaries to rout;
        he put them to everlasting shame.
      He rejected the tent of Joseph;
        he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
      but he chose the tribe of Judah,
        Mount Zion, which he loves.
      He built his sanctuary like the high heavens,
        like the earth, which he has founded forever.
      He chose David his servant
        and took him from the sheepfolds;
      from following the nursing ewes he brought him
        to shepherd Jacob his people,
        Israel his inheritance.
      With upright heart he shepherded them
        and guided them with his skillful hand.


    [1] 77:6 Hebrew lacks I said
    [2] 77:10 Or This is my grief: that the right hand of the Most High has changed
    [3] 77:19 Hebrew unknown
    [4] 78:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
    [5] 78:9 Hebrew armed and shooting
    [6] 78:33 Hebrew in
    [7] 78:33 Or vapor
    [8] 78:42 Hebrew hand


    • : 1 Chronicles 3–5

    : 1 Chronicles 3–5 1 Chronicles 3–5

    1 Chronicles 3–5 (Listen)

    Descendants of David

    These are the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite; the second, Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite, the third, Absalom, whose mother was Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah; six were born to him in Hebron, where he reigned for seven years and six months. And he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem. These were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon, four by Bath-shua, the daughter of Ammiel; then Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. All these were David's sons, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar was their sister.

    The son of Solomon was Rehoboam, Abijah his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son, Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son, Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son, Amon his son, Josiah his son. The sons of Josiah: Johanan the firstborn, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. The descendants of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son; and the sons of Jeconiah, the captive: Shealtiel his son, Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama and Nedabiah; and the sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel and Shimei; and the sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam and Hananiah, and Shelomith was their sister; and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-hesed, five. The sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, his son1 Rephaiah, his son Arnan, his son Obadiah, his son Shecaniah. The son2 of Shecaniah: Shemaiah. And the sons of Shemaiah: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat, six. The sons of Neariah: Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam, three. The sons of Elioenai: Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani, seven.

    Descendants of Judah

    The sons of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. Reaiah the son of Shobal fathered Jahath, and Jahath fathered Ahumai and Lahad. These were the clans of the Zorathites. These were the sons3 of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash; and the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi, and Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem. Ashhur, the father of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah; Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. The sons of Helah: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. Koz fathered Anub, Zobebah, and the clans of Aharhel, the son of Harum. Jabez was more honorable than his brothers; and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, “Because I bore him in pain.”4 Jabez called upon the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that you would bless me and enlarge my border, and that your hand might be with me, and that you would keep me from harm5 so that it might not bring me pain!” And God granted what he asked. Chelub, the brother of Shuhah, fathered Mehir, who fathered Eshton. Eshton fathered Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah, the father of Ir-nahash. These are the men of Recah. The sons of Kenaz: Othniel and Seraiah; and the sons of Othniel: Hathath and Meonothai.6 Meonothai fathered Ophrah; and Seraiah fathered Joab, the father of Ge-harashim,7 so-called because they were craftsmen. The sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam; and the son8 of Elah: Kenaz. The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married;9 and she conceived and bore10 Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. And his Judahite wife bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite. The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The sons of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth. The sons of Shelah the son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the clans of the house of linen workers at Beth-ashbea; and Jokim, and the men of Cozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who ruled in Moab and returned to Lehem11 (now the records12 are ancient). These were the potters who were inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah. They lived there in the king's service.

    Descendants of Simeon

    The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul; Shallum was his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son. The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son. Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brothers did not have many children, nor did all their clan multiply like the men of Judah. They lived in Beersheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David reigned. And their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, five cities, along with all their villages that were around these cities as far as Baal. These were their settlements, and they kept a genealogical record.

    Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah the son of Amaziah, Joel, Jehu the son of Joshibiah, son of Seraiah, son of Asiel, Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah—these mentioned by name were princes in their clans, and their fathers' houses increased greatly. They journeyed to the entrance of Gedor, to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks, where they found rich, good pasture, and the land was very broad, quiet, and peaceful, for the former inhabitants there belonged to Ham. These, registered by name, came in the days of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and destroyed their tents and the Meunites who were found there, and marked them for destruction to this day, and settled in their place, because there was pasture there for their flocks. And some of them, five hundred men of the Simeonites, went to Mount Seir, having as their leaders Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi. And they defeated the remnant of the Amalekites who had escaped, and they have lived there to this day.

    Descendants of Reuben

    The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (for he was the firstborn, but because he defiled his father's couch, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel, so that he could not be enrolled as the oldest son; though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph), the sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son, Beerah his son, whom Tiglath-pileser13 king of Assyria carried away into exile; he was a chief of the Reubenites. And his kinsmen by their clans, when the genealogy of their generations was recorded: the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah, and Bela the son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel, who lived in Aroer, as far as Nebo and Baal-meon. He also lived to the east as far as the entrance of the desert this side of the Euphrates, because their livestock had multiplied in the land of Gilead. And in the days of Saul they waged war against the Hagrites, who fell into their hand. And they lived in their tents throughout all the region east of Gilead.

    Descendants of Gad

    The sons of Gad lived over against them in the land of Bashan as far as Salecah: Joel the chief, Shapham the second, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan. And their kinsmen according to their fathers' houses: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia and Eber, seven. These were the sons of Abihail the son of Huri, son of Jaroah, son of Gilead, son of Michael, son of Jeshishai, son of Jahdo, son of Buz. Ahi the son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was chief in their fathers' houses, and they lived in Gilead, in Bashan and in its towns, and in all the pasturelands of Sharon to their limits. All of these were recorded in genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

    The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had valiant men who carried shield and sword, and drew the bow, expert in war, 44,760, able to go to war. They waged war against the Hagrites, Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. And when they prevailed14 over them, the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hands, for they cried out to God in the battle, and he granted their urgent plea because they trusted in him. They carried off their livestock: 50,000 of their camels, 250,000 sheep, 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 men alive. For many fell, because the war was of God. And they lived in their place until the exile.

    The Half-Tribe of Manasseh

    The members of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land. They were very numerous from Bashan to Baal-hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon. These were the heads of their fathers' houses: Epher,15 Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, heads of their fathers' houses. But they broke faith with the God of their fathers, and whored after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them. So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, the spirit of Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and he took them into exile, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan, to this day.


    [1] 3:21 Septuagint (compare Syriac, Vulgate); Hebrew sons of; four times in this verse
    [2] 3:22 Hebrew sons
    [3] 4:3 Septuagint (compare Vulgate); Hebrew father
    [4] 4:9 Jabez sounds like the Hebrew for pain
    [5] 4:10 Or evil
    [6] 4:13 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew lacks Meonothai
    [7] 4:14 Ge-harashim means valley of craftsmen
    [8] 4:15 Hebrew sons
    [9] 4:17 The clause These are . . . married is transposed from verse 18
    [10] 4:17 Hebrew lacks and bore
    [11] 4:22 Vulgate (compare Septuagint); Hebrew and Jashubi-lahem
    [12] 4:22 Or matters
    [13] 5:6 Hebrew Tilgath-pilneser; also verse 26
    [14] 5:20 Or they were helped to prevail
    [15] 5:24 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew and Epher


    • : Psalms 43–45
    • : Psalm 49
    • : Psalms 84–85
    • : Psalm 87

    : Psalms 43–45 Psalms 43–45

    Psalms 43–45 (Listen)

    Send Out Your Light and Your Truth

    43   Vindicate me, O God, and defend my cause
        against an ungodly people,
      from the deceitful and unjust man
        deliver me!
      For you are the God in whom I take refuge;
        why have you rejected me?
      Why do I go about mourning
        because of the oppression of the enemy?
      Send out your light and your truth;
        let them lead me;
      let them bring me to your holy hill
        and to your dwelling!
      Then I will go to the altar of God,
        to God my exceeding joy,
      and I will praise you with the lyre,
        O God, my God.
      Why are you cast down, O my soul,
        and why are you in turmoil within me?
      Hope in God; for I shall again praise him,
        my salvation and my God.

    Come to Our Help

    To the choirmaster. A Maskil1 of the Sons of Korah.

    44   O God, we have heard with our ears,
        our fathers have told us,
      what deeds you performed in their days,
        in the days of old:
      you with your own hand drove out the nations,
        but them you planted;
      you afflicted the peoples,
        but them you set free;
      for not by their own sword did they win the land,
        nor did their own arm save them,
      but your right hand and your arm,
        and the light of your face,
        for you delighted in them.
      You are my King, O God;
        ordain salvation for Jacob!
      Through you we push down our foes;
        through your name we tread down those who rise up against us.
      For not in my bow do I trust,
        nor can my sword save me.
      But you have saved us from our foes
        and have put to shame those who hate us.
      In God we have boasted continually,
        and we will give thanks to your name forever. Selah
      But you have rejected us and disgraced us
        and have not gone out with our armies.
      You have made us turn back from the foe,
        and those who hate us have gotten spoil.
      You have made us like sheep for slaughter
        and have scattered us among the nations.
      You have sold your people for a trifle,
        demanding no high price for them.
      You have made us the taunt of our neighbors,
        the derision and scorn of those around us.
      You have made us a byword among the nations,
        a laughingstock2 among the peoples.
      All day long my disgrace is before me,
        and shame has covered my face
      at the sound of the taunter and reviler,
        at the sight of the enemy and the avenger.
      All this has come upon us,
        though we have not forgotten you,
        and we have not been false to your covenant.
      Our heart has not turned back,
        nor have our steps departed from your way;
      yet you have broken us in the place of jackals
        and covered us with the shadow of death.
      If we had forgotten the name of our God
        or spread out our hands to a foreign god,
      would not God discover this?
        For he knows the secrets of the heart.
      Yet for your sake we are killed all the day long;
        we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.
      Awake! Why are you sleeping, O Lord?
        Rouse yourself! Do not reject us forever!
      Why do you hide your face?
        Why do you forget our affliction and oppression?
      For our soul is bowed down to the dust;
        our belly clings to the ground.
      Rise up; come to our help!
        Redeem us for the sake of your steadfast love!

    Your Throne, O God, Is Forever

    To the choirmaster: according to Lilies. A Maskil3 of the Sons of Korah; a love song.

    45   My heart overflows with a pleasing theme;
        I address my verses to the king;
        my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe.
      You are the most handsome of the sons of men;
        grace is poured upon your lips;
        therefore God has blessed you forever.
      Gird your sword on your thigh, O mighty one,
        in your splendor and majesty!
      In your majesty ride out victoriously
        for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness;
        let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!
      Your arrows are sharp
        in the heart of the king's enemies;
        the peoples fall under you.
      Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
        The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
        you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
      Therefore God, your God, has anointed you
        with the oil of gladness beyond your companions;
        your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia.
      From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;
        daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor;
        at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir.
      Hear, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear:
        forget your people and your father's house,
        and the king will desire your beauty.
      Since he is your lord, bow to him.
        The people4 of Tyre will seek your favor with gifts,
        the richest of the people.5
      All glorious is the princess in her chamber, with robes interwoven with gold.
        In many-colored robes she is led to the king,
        with her virgin companions following behind her.
      With joy and gladness they are led along
        as they enter the palace of the king.
      In place of your fathers shall be your sons;
        you will make them princes in all the earth.
      I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations;
        therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.


    [1] 44:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
    [2] 44:14 Hebrew a shaking of the head
    [3] 45:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
    [4] 45:12 Hebrew daughter
    [5] 45:12 Or The daughter of Tyre is here with gifts, the richest of people seek your favor


    : Psalm 49 Psalm 49

    Psalm 49 (Listen)

    Why Should I Fear in Times of Trouble?

    To the choirmaster. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah.

    49   Hear this, all peoples!
        Give ear, all inhabitants of the world,
      both low and high,
        rich and poor together!
      My mouth shall speak wisdom;
        the meditation of my heart shall be understanding.
      I will incline my ear to a proverb;
        I will solve my riddle to the music of the lyre.
      Why should I fear in times of trouble,
        when the iniquity of those who cheat me surrounds me,
      those who trust in their wealth
        and boast of the abundance of their riches?
      Truly no man can ransom another,
        or give to God the price of his life,
      for the ransom of their life is costly
        and can never suffice,
      that he should live on forever
        and never see the pit.
      For he sees that even the wise die;
        the fool and the stupid alike must perish
        and leave their wealth to others.
      Their graves are their homes forever,1
        their dwelling places to all generations,
        though they called lands by their own names.
      Man in his pomp will not remain;
        he is like the beasts that perish.
      This is the path of those who have foolish confidence;
        yet after them people approve of their boasts.2 Selah
      Like sheep they are appointed for Sheol;
        death shall be their shepherd,
      and the upright shall rule over them in the morning.
        Their form shall be consumed in Sheol, with no place to dwell.
      But God will ransom my soul from the power of Sheol,
        for he will receive me. Selah
      Be not afraid when a man becomes rich,
        when the glory of his house increases.
      For when he dies he will carry nothing away;
        his glory will not go down after him.
      For though, while he lives, he counts himself blessed
        —and though you get praise when you do well for yourself—
      his soul will go to the generation of his fathers,
        who will never again see light.
      Man in his pomp yet without understanding is like the beasts that perish.


    [1] 49:11 Septuagint, Syriac, Targum; Hebrew Their inward thought was that their homes were forever
    [2] 49:13 Or and of those after them who approve of their boasts


    : Psalms 84–85 Psalms 84–85

    Psalms 84–85 (Listen)

    My Soul Longs for the Courts of the Lord

    To the choirmaster: according to The Gittith.1 A Psalm of the Sons of Korah.

    84   How lovely is your dwelling place,
        O LORD of hosts!
      My soul longs, yes, faints
        for the courts of the LORD;
      my heart and flesh sing for joy
        to the living God.
      Even the sparrow finds a home,
        and the swallow a nest for herself,
        where she may lay her young,
      at your altars, O LORD of hosts,
        my King and my God.
      Blessed are those who dwell in your house,
        ever singing your praise! Selah
      Blessed are those whose strength is in you,
        in whose heart are the highways to Zion.2
      As they go through the Valley of Baca
        they make it a place of springs;
        the early rain also covers it with pools.
      They go from strength to strength;
        each one appears before God in Zion.
      O LORD God of hosts, hear my prayer;
        give ear, O God of Jacob! Selah
      Behold our shield, O God;
        look on the face of your anointed!
      For a day in your courts is better
        than a thousand elsewhere.
      I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God
        than dwell in the tents of wickedness.
      For the LORD God is a sun and shield;
        the LORD bestows favor and honor.
      No good thing does he withhold
        from those who walk uprightly.
      O LORD of hosts,
        blessed is the one who trusts in you!

    Revive Us Again

    To the choirmaster. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah.

    85   LORD, you were favorable to your land;
        you restored the fortunes of Jacob.
      You forgave the iniquity of your people;
        you covered all their sin. Selah
      You withdrew all your wrath;
        you turned from your hot anger.
      Restore us again, O God of our salvation,
        and put away your indignation toward us!
      Will you be angry with us forever?
        Will you prolong your anger to all generations?
      Will you not revive us again,
        that your people may rejoice in you?
      Show us your steadfast love, O LORD,
        and grant us your salvation.
      Let me hear what God the LORD will speak,
        for he will speak peace to his people, to his saints;
        but let them not turn back to folly.
      Surely his salvation is near to those who fear him,
        that glory may dwell in our land.
      Steadfast love and faithfulness meet;
        righteousness and peace kiss each other.
      Faithfulness springs up from the ground,
        and righteousness looks down from the sky.
      Yes, the LORD will give what is good,
        and our land will yield its increase.
      Righteousness will go before him
        and make his footsteps a way.


    [1] 84:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term
    [2] 84:5 Hebrew lacks to Zion


    : Psalm 87 Psalm 87

    Psalm 87 (Listen)

    Glorious Things of You Are Spoken

    A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. A Song.

    87   On the holy mount stands the city he founded;
        the LORD loves the gates of Zion
        more than all the dwelling places of Jacob.
      Glorious things of you are spoken,
        O city of God. Selah
      Among those who know me I mention Rahab and Babylon;
        behold, Philistia and Tyre, with Cush1
        “This one was born there,” they say.
      And of Zion it shall be said,
        “This one and that one were born in her”;
        for the Most High himself will establish her.
      The LORD records as he registers the peoples,
        “This one was born there.” Selah
      Singers and dancers alike say,
        “All my springs are in you.”


    [1] 87:4 Probably Nubia


    • : 1 Chronicles 1–2

    : 1 Chronicles 1–2 1 Chronicles 1–2

    1 Chronicles 1–2 (Listen)

    From Adam to Abraham

    Adam, Seth, Enosh; Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared; Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech; Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

    The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath,1 and Togarmah. The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

    The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. Cush fathered Nimrod. He was the first on earth to be a mighty man.2

    Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorim.

    Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth, and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

    The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. And the sons of Aram:3 Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech. Arpachshad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber. To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg4 (for in his days the earth was divided), and his brother's name was Joktan. Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal,5 Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.

    Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah; Eber, Peleg, Reu; Serug, Nahor, Terah; Abram, that is, Abraham.

    From Abraham to Jacob

    The sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael. These are their genealogies: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth, and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael. The sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bore Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the descendants of Keturah.

    Abraham fathered Isaac. The sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel. The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz, and of Timna,6 Amalek. The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

    The sons of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. The sons of Lotan: Hori and Hemam;7 and Lotan's sister was Timna. The sons of Shobal: Alvan,8 Manahath, Ebal, Shepho,9 and Onam. The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. The son10 of Anah: Dishon. The sons of Dishon: Hemdan,11 Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.12 The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

    These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the people of Israel: Bela the son of Beor, the name of his city being Dinhabah. Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place. Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place. Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, reigned in his place, the name of his city being Avith. Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth on the Euphrates13 reigned in his place. Shaul died, and Baal-hanan, the son of Achbor, reigned in his place. Baal-hanan died, and Hadad reigned in his place, the name of his city being Pai; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. And Hadad died.

    The chiefs of Edom were: chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram; these are the chiefs of Edom.

    A Genealogy of David

    These are the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. The sons of Judah: Er, Onan and Shelah; these three Bath-shua the Canaanite bore to him. Now Er, Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of the LORD, and he put him to death. His daughter-in-law Tamar also bore him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.

    The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul. The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara, five in all. The son14 of Carmi: Achan, the troubler of Israel, who broke faith in the matter of the devoted thing; and Ethan's son was Azariah.

    The sons of Hezron that were born to him: Jerahmeel, Ram, and Chelubai. Ram fathered Amminadab, and Amminadab fathered Nahshon, prince of the sons of Judah. Nahshon fathered Salmon,15 Salmon fathered Boaz, Boaz fathered Obed, Obed fathered Jesse. Jesse fathered Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab the second, Shimea the third, Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, David the seventh. And their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three. Abigail bore Amasa, and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmaelite.

    Caleb the son of Hezron fathered children by his wife Azubah, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. When Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath, who bore him Hur. Hur fathered Uri, and Uri fathered Bezalel.

    Afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was sixty years old, and she bore him Segub. And Segub fathered Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead. But Geshur and Aram took from them Havvoth-jair, Kenath, and its villages, sixty towns. All these were descendants of Machir, the father of Gilead. After the death of Hezron, Caleb went in to Ephrathah,16 the wife of Hezron his father, and she bore him Ashhur, the father of Tekoa.

    The sons of Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron: Ram, his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. Jerahmeel also had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam. The sons of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahmeel: Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. The sons of Onam: Shammai and Jada. The sons of Shammai: Nadab and Abishur. The name of Abishur's wife was Abihail, and she bore him Ahban and Molid. The sons of Nadab: Seled and Appaim; and Seled died childless. The son17 of Appaim: Ishi. The son of Ishi: Sheshan. The son of Sheshan: Ahlai. The sons of Jada, Shammai's brother: Jether and Jonathan; and Jether died childless. The sons of Jonathan: Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel. Now Sheshan had no sons, only daughters, but Sheshan had an Egyptian slave whose name was Jarha. So Sheshan gave his daughter in marriage to Jarha his slave, and she bore him Attai. Attai fathered Nathan, and Nathan fathered Zabad. Zabad fathered Ephlal, and Ephlal fathered Obed. Obed fathered Jehu, and Jehu fathered Azariah. Azariah fathered Helez, and Helez fathered Eleasah. Eleasah fathered Sismai, and Sismai fathered Shallum. Shallum fathered Jekamiah, and Jekamiah fathered Elishama.

    The sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel: Mareshah18 his firstborn, who fathered Ziph. The son19 of Mareshah: Hebron.20 The sons of Hebron: Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema. Shema fathered Raham, the father of Jorkeam; and Rekem fathered Shammai. The son of Shammai: Maon; and Maon fathered Beth-zur. Ephah also, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez. The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. Maacah, Caleb's concubine, bore Sheber and Tirhanah. She also bore Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah and the father of Gibea; and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah. These were the descendants of Caleb.

    The sons21 of Hur the firstborn of Ephrathah: Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim, Salma, the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth-gader. Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim had other sons: Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth. And the clans of Kiriath-jearim: the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; from these came the Zorathites and the Eshtaolites. The sons of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth-beth-joab and half of the Manahathites, the Zorites. The clans also of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites and the Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.


    [1] 1:6 Septuagint; Hebrew Diphath
    [2] 1:10 Or He began to be a mighty man on the earth
    [3] 1:17 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks And the sons of Aram
    [4] 1:19 Peleg means division
    [5] 1:22 Septuagint, Syriac (compare Genesis 10:28); Hebrew Ebal
    [6] 1:36 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:12); Hebrew lacks and of
    [7] 1:39 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:22); Hebrew Homam
    [8] 1:40 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:23); Hebrew Alian
    [9] 1:40 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:23); Hebrew Shephi
    [10] 1:41 Hebrew sons
    [11] 1:41 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:26); Hebrew Hamran
    [12] 1:42 Septuagint (compare Genesis 36:27); Hebrew Jaakan
    [13] 1:48 Hebrew the River
    [14] 2:7 Hebrew sons
    [15] 2:11 Septuagint (compare Ruth 4:21); Hebrew Salma
    [16] 2:24 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew in Caleb Ephrathah
    [17] 2:31 Hebrew sons; three times in this verse
    [18] 2:42 Septuagint; Hebrew Mesha
    [19] 2:42 Hebrew sons
    [20] 2:42 Hebrew the father of Hebron
    [21] 2:50 Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew son



National MS Society News

This is a list of all national news for the National MS Society.